wurde aus dem Gefängnis geholt und wieder auf den Thron gesetzt, mit Alexios IV. Military expenditure was seen as a waste by the corrupt emperors of the time and the money used for personal interests or on favourites. The struggle between these two brothers eventually lured the Fourth Crusade to Constantinople (now Istanbul), ultimately causing the destruction of the empire in 1204.…, …fled to join the fugitive Alexius III. Ioannes Dukas, imprisoned and blinded 1280, +committed suicide 1281/9; m.N, a dau.of Konstantinos Tornikes, F1. In 1195, while Isaac II was away hunting in Thrace, Alexius was acclaimed as emperor by the troops with the conniving of Alexios' wife Euphrosyne Ducaena Camatera. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Anna Dukaina, +in Serbia 1258; m.1219/20 Stefan Dukas Radoslav, King of Serbia (+after 1235), D4. December 25th, 2014 Headsman. He then took refuge in the church of Hagia Sophia and from there appealed to the populace. Die fähige und tatkräftige Kaiserin Euphrosyne versuchte vergebens, dagegenzuhalten, jedoch wurde ihr bester Berater bei ihren Reformversuchen, Vatatzes, auf Befehl des Kaisers ermordet. Michael Angelos, in 1189 was a hostage to Frederick Barbarossa, B3. The third son of John Comnenus and a nephew of Isaac I (emperor 1057–59), Alexius came from a distinguished Byzantine landed family and was one of the military magnates who had long urged more effective defense measures, particularly against the Turks’ encroaching on Byzantine provinces in eastern and central Anatolia. Alexios III Angelos (Medieval Greek: Ἀλέξιος Γ′ Ἄγγελος; c. 1153 – 1211) was Byzantine Emperor from March 1195 to 17/18 July 1203. The next morning the Crusaders were surprised to find that the citizens had released Isaac II from prison and proclaimed him emperor, despite the fact that he had been blinded to make him ineligible to rule. In the east the Empire was overrun by the Seljuk Turks; from the north Bulgarians and Vlachs descended unchecked to ravage the plains of Macedonia and Thrace, and Kaloyan of Bulgaria annexed several important cities, while Alexius squandered the public treasure on his palaces and gardens and attempted to deal with the crisis through diplomatic means. Alexius III fled the capital with what treasure he could collect and escaped to Thrace. Crowned in April 1195, Alexius III was a weak and greedy emperor, and his coup d’état had disastrous results. Alexius III took no efficient measures to resist, and his attempts to bribe the crusaders failed. By seeking close alliances with powerful noble families, Alexios put an end to the tradition of imperial exclusivity and coopted most of the nobility into his extended family and, through it, his government. In the battle of Antioch on the Maeander in 1211, the sultan was defeated and killed, and Alexius III was captured by Theodore Lascaris. Campaigns against the Bulgars ended in defeat (1195 and 1196), and intrigues and diplomacy were equally unsuccessful because the new Bulgarian ruler, Kalojan, acknowledged the pope’s supremacy instead of that of Constantinople. Katharina; m.ca 1274 Infant Fadrique of Castile, F4. Rückseite: Alexius III Angelos mit Konstantin I. Kurz darauf versuchte Alexios III. Alexius attempted to organize a resistance to the new regime from Adrianople and then Mosynopolis, where he was joined by the later usurper Alexius V Ducas Murtzuphlus in April 1204, after the definitive fall of Constantinople to the crusaders and the establishment of the Latin Empire. The emperor's attempts to bolster the empire's defenses by special concessions to Byzantine and Bulgarian notables in the frontier zone backfired, as the latter built up regional autonomy. This article incorporates text from the Encyclopædia Britannica Eleventh Edition, a publication now in the public domain. Unfortunately for Constantinople, Alexius III's misgovernment had left the Byzantine navy with only 20 worm-eaten hulks by the time the Crusaders arrived. Er war der zweite Sohn des Andronikos Angelos, eines Neffen des Kaisers Alexios II. The crusaders, whose objective had been Egypt, were persuaded to set their course for Constantinople before which they appeared in June 1203, proclaiming Alexios as emperor and inviting the populace of the capital to depose his uncle. This meas… Alexios wurde in ein Kloster bei Nicäa gesteckt, wo er zu einem unbekannten Zeitpunkt starb. His son-in-law, Theodore Lascaris, who was the only one to attempt anything significant, was defeated at Scutari, and the siege of Constantinople began. im Palast, und floh schließlich mit einer seiner Töchter, Irene, und dem Staatsschatz auf ein Boot, mit dem er nach Develtum in Thrakien fuhr. Alexius was now closer to the imperial throne than ever before. "Alexios III Angelos". By the middle of April 1204 AD, the Byzantines were defeated, and Constantinople fell to the Latins. K. Varzos, Ē genealogia tōn Komnēnōn (Thessalonica, 1984) Plate, William (1867). Andronicus was himself a son of Theodora Comnene, the youngest daughter of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Ducaena. The Palaeologan dynasty. Captured by Boniface, Alexius III and his retinue were sent to Montferrat, before being brought back to Thessalonica c. 1209. After an unsuccessful attempt to recover the throne, he wandered about Greece and surrendered to Boniface of Montferrat, then master of a great part of the Balkan Peninsula, but left his protection and sought shelter with Michael I, despot of Epirus. But his courage failed, and the Byzantine army returned to the city without a fight. By his marriage to Euphrosyne Doucaena Camaterina Alexios had three daughters: Alexios III Angelos (c. 1153 – 1211) was Byzantine emperor from 1195 to 1203. Eudocia Angelina, who married (1) King Stefan I Prvovenčani of Serbia, then (2) Emperor Alexius V, and (3) Leo Sgouros, ruler of Corinth. In the ensuing fighting, the crusaders set the city on fire, ultimately leaving 20,000 people homeless. Alexios’ father was John Komnenos, a senior military commander of the imperial guard (domestikos of the Scholai), and his mother, Anna Dalassena, was from a respected aristocratic family. Crowned in April 1195, Alexius III was a weak and greedy emperor, and his coup d’état had disastrous results. Eirene Komnene; m.1237/38 Tsar Ivan Asen II of the Bulgarians (+1241), C4. Im Jahr 1202 hatten sich die europäischen Fürsten des Vierten Kreuzzugs in Venedig versammelt. Thus Alexios Angelos was a member of the extended imperial family. Alexios I Komnenos (Greek: Ἀλέξιος Κομνηνός, c. 1048 – 15 August 1118), Latinized Alexius I Comnenus, was Byzantine emperor from 1081 to 1118. Isaac II, drawn from his prison and robed once more in the imperial purple, received his son in state. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... …more, that of his brother Alexius III, saw the collapse of what remained of the centralized machinery of Byzantine government and defense. Michael Komnenos, +murdered in jail in Constantinople 1307, F4. Andronicus was himself a son of Theodora Comnene, the youngest daughter of Emperor Alexios I Komnenos and Irene Ducaena. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. [edit]Reign, By 1190 Alexios Angelos had returned to the court of his younger brother, from whom he received the elevated title of sebastokratōr. Here Alexius III eventually surrendered, with Euphrosyne, to Marquis Boniface of Montferrat, who was establishing himself as ruler of the Kingdom of Thessalonica. 49 relations. Helene Komnenodukaina, heiress of Lamia and Larissa; 1m: Guillaume de la Roche-sur-Yon, Duke of Athens (+1287); 2m: 1291 Hugues de Brienne, Cte di Lecce, F5. He then took refuge in the church of Hagia Sophia and from there appealed to the populace. Die Kreuzritter, deren Ziel eigentlich Ägypten war, ließen sich überzeugen, und erschienen im Juni 1203 vor Konstantinopel, proklamierten Alexios als Alexios IV. Those who did not become part of this extended family were deprived of power and prestige. Brand, Byzantium Confronts the West (Cambridge, MA, 1968) Jonathan Harris, Byzantium and the Crusades (London and New York, 2003) Jonathan Harris, Constantinople: Capital of Byzantium (London and New York, 2007) The Oxford Dictionary of Byzantium (Oxford , 1991), 3 vols. Alexius was now closer to the imperial throne than ever before. This meas… His actions provoked a riot, which resulted in the deposition of Andronicus I, and the proclamation of Isaac II Angelus as emperor. Alexios was paraded outside the walls, but the citizens were apathetic, as Alexios III, though a usurper and illegitimate in the eyes of the westerners, was an acceptable emperor for the Byzantine citizens. Together with his father and brothers, Alexios had conspired against Emperor Andronikos I Komnenos (c. 1183), and thus he spent several years in exile in Muslim courts, including that of Saladin. Andronikos Palaiologos, Archon of Belgrade, a military gov for Emp Andronikos II, fled to Serbia, +1326/8; m.N, a dau.of Georgios Kokalas, G1. Eudocia Angelina, who married (1) King Stefan I Prvovenčani of Serbia, then (2) Emperor Alexius V, and (3) Leo Sgouros, ruler of Corinth. In 1204 CE, the brothers, now in their twenties, decided to take advantage of the chaos in C… When he was eleven years old, he was sent to Trebizond by Emperor John VI Kantakouzenos to replace his deposed great-uncle Michael, who had been an instrument of the regency Kantakouzenos had displaced. Finally, he went to Asia Minor, where his son-in-law Theodore Lascaris was holding his own against the Latins. Eirene Angelina, who married (1) Andronicus Contostephanus, and (2) Alexius Palaeologus, by whom she was the grandmother of Emperor Michael VIII Palaeologus. In 1202 the Western princes assembled at Venice launched the Fourth Crusade. a daughter; m.Andronikos Tarchaneiotes (+1283), F6. Maria Komnene Dukaina; m.1292/93 Giovanni Orsini, Ct of Cephallenia (+1317), F5. in Thrakien auf der Jagd war, wurde er von den Truppen zum Kaiser proklamiert. Laskaris gelang es, ihn zu schlagen und gefangen zu nehmen. Those who did not become part of this extended family were deprived of power and prestige. Dictionary of Greek and Roman Biography and Mythology. His actions provoked a riot, which resulted in the deposition of Andronicus I, and the proclamation of Isaac II Angelus as emperor. Bald wurde er von einer neuen und überragenden Gefahr bedroht. Around this time in the year 1205, the fleeting Byzantine emperor Alexios V Doukas was put to a dramatic death in Constantinople’s Forum of Theodosius by being hurled from the top of the ancient Column of Theodosius.. Nicknamed “Mourtzouphlos” for his prominent brow, Alexios obtained his … [1m.] Eudokia Palaiologina; m.Demetrios Tsamplakon, F2. Michael Angold, The Byzantine Empire, 1025-1204: A Political History, second edition (London and New York, 1997) C.M. Alexius III Angelus, also spelled Alexios III Angelos, (died 1211, Nicaea, Nicaean empire [now İznik, Turkey]), Byzantine emperor from 1195 to 1203. Ioannes Dukas, pretender to the throne in 1199, +1200; m.two women named Zoe, C1. The Crusaders could not accept this, and forced Isaac II to proclaim his son Alexios IV co-emperor on 1 August. In 1195, Holy Roman Emperor Henry VI forced Alexios III to pay him a tribute of 1,000 pounds of gold (originally 5,000 pounds of gold). Alexios came from a military family from Asia Minor, and he had royal blood for he was the nephew of Emperor Isaac Komnenos (r. 1057-1059 CE). The sole survivors were the small boys Alexios and David, grandsons of Andronikos I, who were smuggled out of the city and to the safety of their relative, Queen Tamarof Georgia. Alexios III Angelos was the second son of Andronicos Angelos and Euphrosyne Castamonitissa. Helene Dukaina Tornikina Komnene; m.ca 1288 Alexios Raul (+1303), E2. Reigns. On the 8th of February 1204 AD, the emperor was murdered, and the Byzantines tried to expel the crusaders from Constantinople. Anna Palaiologina, Regent of Epirus (1341-42), +after 1355; 1m: ca 1328 Ioannes Orsini, Ct of Cephallenia, Despot of Epirus (+of poisoning 1335); 2m: before 1355 Ivan Asen of Bulgaria, Gov of Valona (+1363), G2. About Alexios III Komnenos Angelos, Byzantine Emperor. Später suchte er Schutz bei Michael I. Angelos, Despot von Epirus, und wandte sich dann nach Kleinasien, wo sein Schwiegersohn Laskaris noch Widerstand gegen die Lateiner leistete. Boston: Little, Brown and Company. The able and forceful empress Euphrosyne Ducaena Camatera tried in vain to sustain his credit and his court; Vatatzes, the favourite instrument of her attempts at reform, was assassinated by the emperor's orders. On July 18, 1203 the Crusaders launched an assault on the city, and Alexios III immediately fled into Thrace. Alexios I had overcome a dangerous crisis and stabilized the Byzantine Empire, inaugurating a century of imperial prosperity and success. Death of Alexios III, Byzantine Emperor at n Empire ... "Αλέξιος Γ' Άνγελος", "Emperor Alexis III of the East", "Alexis Komnene Angelina", Empereur, Byzantine emperor from 1195 to 1203, Kejsare i Byzan 1195-1203, inspärrad i Nococia, Roman Emperor, Emperor Byziantine Empire, Bizantine Emperor. Following the murder of Byzantine emperor Andronikos I Komnenos in Constantinople in 1185 CE, the rest of the Komnenos family was hunted down in an orgy of blood. Alexios III Angelos was the second son of Andronicos Angelos and Euphrosyne Castamonitissa. At that point the deposed emperor was ransomed by Michael I of Epirus, who sent him to Asia Minor, where Alexios' son-in-law Theodore I Lascaris of the Empire of Nicaea was holding his own against the Latins. Ioannes Angelos (Kalojan), Pr of Szerém, Comes de Keve, *ca 1203, +ca 1259; m.NN, D1. Theodora, (parentage not certain, maybe dau.of Isaakios II), +Kahlenberg 1246; m.1203 Duke Leopold VI of Austria and Styria (+1230), C7. He was the second son of Andronicus Angelus, grandson of Alexius I. Michael Dukas Angelos, given as hostage to Charles I of Anjou on 10.4.1279 and returned to his parents on 25.9.1281, +young after 1281(; 1m: N, a dau.of N Pharmakes; 2m: Maria Spartene), F3. Alexios III Angelos, the Byzantine Emperor at the time made no preparations for the defence of the city – there were few troops and very few military vessels. The emperor's attempts to bolster the empire's defenses by special concessions to Byzantine and Bulgarian notables in the frontier zone backfired, as the latter built up regional autonomy. Eirene Komnene Angelina, +after 1203; 1m: Andronikos Kontostephanos (+1196); 2m: 1199 Alexios Palaiologos, D2. Byzantine authority survived, but in a much weakened state. gemeinsam mit Alexios Murtzuphlos, den Thron zurückzuerobern. Unfortunately for Constantinople, Alexius III's misgovernment had left the Byzantine navy with only 20 worm-eaten hulks by the time the Crusaders arrived. At first Alexios III received Alexius V well, even allowing him to marry his daughter Eudocia Angelina. Henry VI, Holy Roman Emperor Alexios III Angelos Byzantine Senate List of Byzantine emperors Holy Roman Emperor. After the exiled Anthemia to Rome, Alexios, though barely six months into his reign, Alexios already began prepping for war. Hir reign is universally regarded as a failure by … Andronikos Palaiologos, +drowned 1344; m.N, a dau.of Alexios Apokaukos, G3. Son of General Andronikos Doukas Angelos, Doukas Angelos and Euphrosyne Kastamonitissa Taken prisoner by Theodore in 1211, Alexius was sent to a monastery at Nicaea, where he died. Theodoros Komnenodukas Angelos, +1296, F3. Isaak II. an seiner Seite. THEODOROS I Komnenos Dukas Angelos, Emp of Thessalonica, +in prison in Nicaea shortly after 1253; m.before 1210 Maria Dukaina Komnene Petraliphaina, D1. Alexius III, however, blinded him. At that point the deposed emperor was ransomed by Michael I of Epirus, who sent him to Asia Minor, where Alexios' son-in-law Theodore I Lascaris of the Empire of Nicaea was holding his own against the Latins. astery in the Poltava region—tells about Alexios III’s flight to Roman Mstislavich in Halych. 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