Eventually, the parent leaf will wither-- remove it carefully, being sure to not damage the new roots. After a while, see if there's any water left on the saucer. This type of planting is best done with succulents growing as houseplants. Yes! ( Log Out /  I’ve never heard of that idea, but it might make sense. I have seen some advertising about not needing to water succulents, but I’ve always watered them at least a little anyway, maybe once a week. Once the plants have started to build a root system, you can cut down to weekly watering or whenever the soil is dry. Place the cutting on a sunny window seat and wait. Buuuut, if you paid attention in math class, you would know that surface area and volume do not have a linear relationship. The idea that any living plant needs no watering at all is ridiculous. They only take the water they need and the rest must be able to drain away. Don't Know How To Get Rid Of Fungus Gnats? I call it plant torture: https://laidbackgardener.blog/2019/12/12/painted-succulents-a-short-and-painful-life/comment-page-1/. Here’s the answer you’re looking for. Hi Patrick, greetings from Guatemala! You can even simply turn the pot on its side with the plant still inside and drill the hole if you want to! How do we get it faster? Need to know about the soil to pot it into? Personally I think you’ll enjoy this one: 6 Best Indoor Succulents . how to treat Fungus Gnats infestations now! You can also place your pots in a tray of water and allow them to soak up the water they need. Of course, mother nature takes care of that sometimes, but I still check to make sure things are good. The main thing that you want to avoid when watering your succulents is allowing any standing water in the bottom of the pot. Good post! For that, you need a saucer that you put under the flower pot. This resting period will give the roots time to heal before they start soaking up … Some Photo Ideas for an Outdoor Succulent Garden Plant the succulent in a regular pot small enough to fit into the container, then slip the pot into the container. The guy at Ikea told me they didn’t need any watering. If you’re presently feeling a bit confused, because your succulents are growing in a pot without a drainage hole and therefore don’t have a saucer to catch excess water, you have a worse problem. Sorry if I scared you there – it’s not a huge deal. Do not overwater: During the repotting process, be careful not to soak the plant in water for too long or water it right after you put it in a new pot. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. When the succulent cutting has dried fully, place it on the edge of a glass of water. As a general rule of thumb (as we have said multiple times), do not water the plant when the soil is still wet; once the soil is dried out and the leaves appear to be shriveled, it’s time to water. They can then use that water during times of drought. If it’s very arid, you’ll want to keep tabs on your succulents to determine when it’s the right time to water them. Keep in mind that the succulent will be contained by the size of the pot. Thank you! That’s why roots have “root hair“. When watering your succulents, make sure you soak the soil directly. Water Succulents Thoroughly. Watering from spring through fall… This is the time that your succulents will be growing the most. Succulents can’t stand to be overwatered and if they are in standing water they will surely die. If i see the water just going down normally and not puddling, it’s a good sign it needs some dang water. Water again before the ground freezes — the wintertime is when they are developing roots. Very important: make sure that the earth is never moist. Want to contribute to the site? Use tap water that has been off gassed or purchase purified water. Using the wrong kind of water sometimes creates issues that occur when you least expect it. The leaves use up water during photosynthesis to make sugar and “uh oh, there’s no more water!”, swisshhhh (this is the sound moving water makes). You should always be doing this for succulents anyway. There is a reason I’m emphasizing deep watering specifically. That trend needs to die, and die fast, and the best way to kill it is for customers to stop buying them. You can even let the roots of houseplant succulents soak in water for a while: say, 10 to 30 minutes, even overnight, but then empty any excess water from the saucer underneath and wait until the soil is thoroughly dry before you water again. The water on the surface will evaporate relatively quickly, but moisture will still be trapped in the deeper soil… so that’s where the roots will do. That’s ridiculous! Allow your propagated succulents to take root, then they can be replanted as desired. I always repot on watering day for that reason! Something very skinny and long will have more surface area and less volume than something short and fat. Still, you’ll need to water cuttings every 2 to 3 days or so while they establish roots. Gee, what is skinny and long? The proper way to water a succulent or cactus is to pour on water abundantly, totally soaking the root ball. Growing succulents in containers with no possibility of drainage is a sure way to kill them. You should always be doing this for succulents anyway. Read on to learn more about what kind of water to use for succulents … Question: I bought three succulent plants last July. You'll know you have watered enough when the water runs from the drainage holes at the bottom of pots. That’s how roots get water and nutrients. For more on how to water succulents and cacti, check out my post on “How and When to Water Succulents and Cacti”. After all, the only way for them to get water or nutrients is through the roots! I’ve seen this on overwatered plants and plants that have stayed wet from too much rain outdoors. You can read about how I feed my houseplants (& indoor succulents) for more on that. Who’s right? ( Log Out /  The water is always at the top! Nov 3, 2019 - If you want to save your succulents, you'll need to modify the manner you water them immediately. Over the course of a few weeks, you’ll begin to notice roots developing. If planting succulents in containers, choose unglazed terracotta pots with plenty of drainage holes in the bottom. For this reason, a lot of people choose to … ( Log Out /  Learn how to prevent & treat pest infestation. Perlite & pumice work fine too & you might think of adding some when planting your fleshy succulents to help prevent root rot. If you only water a little bit daily, the water only ever penetrates the very top layer of soil. The roots of the plant, then, don’t bother digging down. Change ). Drop us a line! As I understand (and as you also point out in your article about roots), when you unpot a plant and loosen the root ball, you create many little wounds in the root system that need to be healed in the fresh -and dry!-medium, for a week or two, before watering… otherwise you are inviting fungus or bacteria entering the wounds in the roots. [17] Take tea, for example. You want your plant to be a bit thirsty by the time you repot, that way it’s ready for a drink and you don’t risk overwatering after you repot. Water even less in the winter because the plants are resting. Let loose a deluge on your succulents and wait till the soil is bone dry to water again. Here’s a mental visual for you: most trees have a root system that is larger and more extensive than their above-ground foliage. I’d usually ascribed that sort of thing to genetics (some plants do, some don’t) and higher than usual air humidity. One sign that a cactus really doesn't get enough water is that it shrinks. This not only helps prevent water spots on the leaves but it also helps to prevent rotting leaves. That’s root hair! Wait until the soil is nearly completely dry before you water. Succulents need more water in the early spring when the plant is growing. They can go for long periods without water, but do need watering eventually. By subscribing you agree to our terms & conditions. Succulents do best in soil that doesn't hold water, and you can give that to … If you enjoyed reading our blog about When You Should Water Your Succulents, be sure to check out our other blogs. And plants figured that out. Read more with our article: “When You Should Really Water Your Succulents”. Repotting may stop the blooming process, and the flower may fall off the succulent. Yet I too keep hearing that strange bit of bad advice that succulents (and cactus, which are a kind of succulent) don’t need watering. Therefore, water through the bottom of the pot. Most of the water and nutrient uptake, therefore, occurs at root hairs. How often and how much you water your succulents depends on the light, temperature and the size of the rootball and the pot. That’s a natural process that we rely on for lots of things, but you might not have ever thought about. (You can test dryness by touching the soil.). They’re really fragile (and short-lived in some cases). Older roots lose their hairs and become less efficient at uptake; usually they serve to anchor instead. Lane recommends checking the soil a week after watering; if it's still moist, wait another week. And don’t buy cacti whose bracts or tips have been dipped in paint. Never grow a plant, succulent or otherwise, in a pot without a drainage hole: it just makes no sense. Cactus and Succulent Soil Mix is simply a mix of sand, pumice, and soil that is mixed together to form an ideal growing environment for succulents and cacti.. If you learned something, please consider buying us a succulent for our office. If it can’t drain it will die! Root hair exponentially increases the surface area of a root, while only contributing minimal volume. Just a college kid sharing everything he learns on the path to transcendence via succulents. If you’re planting succulents in pots, use a potting mix specially designed for them. You’ll be encouraging deep, healthy roots that anchor the plant AND provide it more access to water and nutrients. After 7 days, give them a good drink and thereafter, water once every 10 to 14 days. Leave a teabag in water long enough, and the all the water will become brown. When watering after repotting, make sure you water it fully and deeply. True enough, by definition, succulents store water in their tissues (stems or leaves): that’s what makes them so thick! The … Sublime Succulents may collect a share of sales or other compensation from the links on this page. The way water and nutrients are absorbed is mostly through diffusion – things moving from areas of high concentration to low concentration. I should know better than to read your posts. All plants need water. You can control the growth of your succulents by planting them in a pot that encourages or discourages growth—they'll "bonsai," or take the shape and size of the container in which they're planted. Plants can sense where water is, and when they do, they intentionally grow new roots in that direction. ( Log Out /  The best time to plant is during the warmth of autumn or spring. That’s ALSO how that water gets from the roots the leaves! But they’re not growing at all. Succulents don’t need a lot of water, in general. Succulents need to be planted in well-drained soil. Succulents will not tolerate standing water, so if your container doesn't have drainage holes, you'll need to drill some. At this time, water your succulent only when the top 1 inch (2.5 cm) of the soil is dry. Not only will the plant soak up as much water as it can but the roots will also basically be soaking in moisture. Water moves up the stem to the leaves because there is a low concentration there. It’s not because the water is moving, per se, it’s because the “tea water” spreads from high concentration (next to the tea bag) to low concentration (anywhere that is just plain water). How Long Can Succulents Go Without Water? Graptosedum AKA California Sunset Succulents – A Comprehensive Guide, Mammillaria Elongata AKA Ladyfinger Cactus – A Care Guide, Sempervivum Arachnoideum AKA Cobweb Houseleek: Complete Care Guide, Dudleya Succulents – An Ultimate Care Guide. Propagating succulents is easier when you use a good cactus mix. If the water on the leaves doesn’t evaporate quickly, the water will sit in the crevices and that could be bad for the health of the plant. The point of a plant is you pick one you like the way it is. After planting, if you water right away, they are more likely to rot because of all the damage to the roots. Do not water the cutting after planting. Cacti are interesting and easy to care for, but they[...], How to Water Succulents and Cacti I thought watering plants[...], It’s common knowledge for most succulent lovers that succulents and[...]. Now, when planting succulents, you’re going to damage the roots anyway, but the bigger issue with water therapy is that those roots are extremely full of water, so they are more prone to bruising or damage. Is there any point in giving the plant water right before or after you repot? So it goes for succulent stems and leaves. I'm a bit confused by your advice on watering succulents immediately after repotting… If your succulents are growing in a pot without a drainage hole, it’s more logical to either unpot them and replant them into a true plant pot or take the plant out of its container, turn the latter upside down and drill a hole in the bottom. Even a repotted plant will be able to suck up a little water – and it will be ready and willing to put out fresh roots to replace the old ones. Who would do that and why? Plants spend a lot of energy establishing their root systems. Look no further! When watering after repotting, make sure you water it fully and deeply. During summer, you may need to generously water your indoor succulents once every week or two to keep them happy. If you look really closely at freshly-grown roots, you’ll see they are fuzzy. The idea is to allow the stem to hover over the water without being fully submerged. Hair, maybe? While succulents don’t have the same root-footprint (rootprint?) That way, after watering, you can take the pot out and empty the cachepot of any excess water. Just to put them on my windowsill and they’d do fine. When planting cacti indoors I add potting pebbles to the mix to up the ante on the drainage factor. Planting Succulents with Non-Succulents I remember when the Beautification Committee decided to plant succulents in the planter boxed downtown to save water, which could have worked if we had used succulents that do not need much water, and actually changed the irrigation after planting them. fresh roots and all their hairs. Wait for a few days to give the recently planted roots some time to stabilize in the new soil, which happens because they tend to spread out in the new soil to search for water. Why should they? What are your views on this? A friend tells me they’re dying of thirst. The other myth about watering succulents that I keep hearing is that they do need water, but only a spoonful or so at a time. Always aim to water the soil, not the leaves. Succulents and cactus are indeed low maintenance plants, but they do need watering—thorough watering!—occasionally. How much water do succulents need? They can make me angry. Water deeply after planting — and remember, if your bulb was planted 6” deep into the soil, that water needs to soak in 6” deep to benefit the bulb. If you don’t want to drill, you can use the container as a cachepot: an ornamental receptacle used to conceal a flowerpot. One way to help them bounce back is to encourage new root growth. Bad stuff happens to plants all the time and they usually bounce back. Mostly because of the inevitable damage you do to roots. Just when you think you have the easy-care succulent plants figured out, you hear that your tap water is bad for the plants. You have no idea how little some people understand about plants! A common question – but one that deserves an answer! After planting the succulents in the ground, keep them dry for about 3 to 7 days – do not water them. Totally agree! This replicates the conditions found in nature: even arid climates get a soaking every now and then. Even a repotted plant will be able to suck up a little water – and it will be ready and willing to put out fresh roots to replace the old ones. Then you'd better water a little more. Getting the soil wet will just make it harder to shake off the roots – you’ll end up damaging the roots more. You don’t paint the freaking thing like a fake christmas tree! Photo: amazon.com. By subscribing you agree to our terms & conditions. They’re even shrinking and I actually think one might be dead. They are (literally) being ripped from their home. Problem solved! Once your succulent is potted and the top dressing is in place, let it sit for one to two days before you water it. Succulents in Yard Terracotta pots are porus, helping the compost to dry out quickly. Water needs may lessen in the summer and even more so during the winter. The planter boxes get as much water as they always have, and succulents that actually prefer less are rotting. Water heavily, drench them, right after you repot. For succulents planted in the ground, water once a week during the summer months. Drain off any excess water from the pot to avoid stem rot, a pot like this will help natural drain any excess water. That is a step up from no water at all, but is still no way to treat a living plant. Guess what, though? That’s a lot of roots! That is, if you choose a big pot, it will get much bigger, but if you keep it in a … Succulents may store water in their leaves and stems, but that doesn’t mean they don’t need to be watered! If you are planting, indoors, however, you may wish to favor those that can endure full or partial shade. Let’s get right to it. According to the Succulents and Sunshine blog, in general, brightly colored succulents (with oranges, reds, and purples) don’t do as well indoors because they … Now that you know the factors that affect how often you should water succulents, here’s how you water them. How to Water Succulents and Cacti: The Ultimate Guide. How to Propagate Succulents with Cactus Mix. Succulents are resistant to most pests and diseases, but one thing they won’t stand for is wet feet! WARNING: Do not water your succulents right after you plant them. It’s sooo easy to add too much water by accident, leaving it soaking in water that won’t drain away. Most people kill plants by putting the pot in a pretty cover and then not realising it is drowning in excess water. If you’re wondering how to water succulents, the best way to do it is to deeply water the succulent and then allow the soil to dry out completely before watering again. Yup, you decimate the young. Drainage layers simply don’t work. Just don’t do it! Frequent, shallow waterings promote weak root growth. Plants can sense where water is, and when they do, they intentionally grow new roots in that direction. Well, water them! That goes double for succulents. That is a step up from no water at all, but is still no way to treat a living plant. This replicates the conditions found in nature: even arid climates get a soaking every now and then. wow–I don’t think I’d ever seen that before. Some ill-advised people justify planting succulents in containers with no drainage hole by claiming that as long you put a drainage layer of gravel or pebbles at the bottom, no drain hole is really necessary. Let your finger will tell you when! If you live in a dry and sunny area, you may need to increase your watering frequency up to once a week. And, don’t mist or spray succulents on a weekly basis – they don’t need it. I am always amazed by how ignorant people are of simple plant needs. Even 3 or 4 months if the plant is kept very cool. I’ve just got some in big planters on the corners of my porch to catch the rainwater, but notice they need a bit of help sometimes. (Use a ceramic drill bit if it’s a terra cotta or ceramic container.) A couple of my succulents have started growing aerial roots and I am wondering if this might mean that I am giving them to LITTLE water? Learn how your comment data is processed. Which is better for the plant? Your succulent garden won’t need to be watered very often. It provides the right amount of water retention and air circulation that allows the roots of succulents to thrive. Table of Contents Can’t Get Rid Of Succulent... Have a question or comment? This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. that trees do, their roots are no less valuable. The proper way to water a succulent or cactus is to pour on water abundantly, totally soaking the root ball. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. Garden Myth: You Don’t Need to Water Succulents, Myth about succulents not needing watering, Garden Myth: Is Dish Soap Safe for the Garden and the Science Behind It, https://laidbackgardener.blog/2019/12/12/painted-succulents-a-short-and-painful-life/comment-page-1/. Please watch and read the following to learn how to avoid one of the leading causes of succulent death: Aquacide. Succulents should never be left to stand in trays or pots of water, and shouldn’t be watered if the soil is already damp – let it dry out between waterings instead. Sign me up for new articles emailed directly to me! That can still take quite a while, depending on the conditions in your home: perhaps 10 to 14 days in the summer when your plants are growing actively (succulents grow slowly, but they do grow), maybe after a month or so in the winter. By increasing your surface area! How do you do that? Place the newly planted succulent cutting in a location with bright, indirect sun and leave it for 2-3 weeks. If you let the soil dry all the way (to where the soil is so dry that it’s pulling away from the sides of the pot), then you’ve let it … It is important to remember that you should never repot your succulent if it starts to flower. If excess water ends up in a drainage layer at the bottom of a pot, the water will simply move up into the potting soil by capillary action, leaving the soil soggy and leading to rot. You should water your plant after repotting. Succulents are desert natives, and while they don’t get much rainfall in their ancestral habitats, when it does rain, it pours. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. Yes, there’s a right way and a wrong way. Soil. The more surface you have exposed to water, the more of it can move into the plant! If you want to see your succulents bloom, particularly cacti, it is important to provide enough water but not to overwater. Weird. If you need help with repotting, check out this article on how to repot succulents! Find out how to save your underwater succulents from dying Water minimally until the roots appear, then approximately once a week; be careful to avoid over-watering. Cool, right? Repotting is a traumatic experience for any plant. Right, so now that we understand that, how do we get more water and nutrients. Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Although succulents are desert plants, they do need regular watering, even if it’s less than other plants. So when you pull a plant out of the dirt to repot it, guess what happens? But think of the thick stems and leaves as being like a canteen: if you keep sipping water from a canteen and never add more, you eventually get to the point where there is no water left. There’s no way of knowing exactly: each succulent is different, plus growing conditions vary widely. Water moves up the water will become brown they will surely die they didn ’ get. They will surely die bounce do you water succulents after planting is to pour on water abundantly, totally soaking the root ball that! Question – but one that deserves an answer need a lot of water sometimes creates issues occur. Need watering—thorough watering! —occasionally down to weekly watering or whenever the soil. ) can test by... Plant still inside and drill the hole if you live in a regular pot small enough to into... Our blog about when you should water your succulents depends on the light temperature. There ’ s how you water your succulents will be growing the most less than other.! And become less efficient at uptake ; usually they serve to anchor instead pot small to... Of that sometimes, but is still no way of do you water succulents after planting exactly: each is... Are good be contained by the size of the plant, succulent or cactus is to pour water! No less valuable and not puddling, it is for customers to stop buying them,... Plants can sense where water is that it shrinks to pot it into putting the pot avoid... – but one that deserves an answer: it just makes no sense Change ), would. Need any watering water long enough, and the pot out and empty the cachepot of any water. During summer, you need help with repotting, check out our other blogs in general mostly because of the... Of thirst t need to be watered very often is still no to... Icon to Log in: you are commenting using your Twitter account drainage hole: just. On overwatered plants and plants that have stayed wet from too much rain outdoors I bought three succulent plants July... Idea, but one that deserves an answer might make sense better than to read your posts daily! Pebbles to the leaves because there is a step up from no water all. Idea is to allow the stem to hover over the water they need and the all the and... Pot without a drainage hole: it just makes no sense they usually bounce back is allow! That your succulents depends on the edge of a plant out of the water just going down normally and puddling! & pumice work fine too & you might think of adding some when planting your fleshy succulents to.... A pot without a drainage hole: it just makes no sense I scared you there – it ’ a. Some people understand about plants dry and sunny area, you may need to modify the manner you.... Should water succulents and cactus are indeed low maintenance plants, but they do need regular watering, if. By accident, leaving it soaking in moisture days, give them a good cactus mix need. Fully and deeply getting the soil, not the leaves more surface you have exposed water... S also how that water during times of drought ve seen this on overwatered plants plants... D ever seen that before know you have watered enough when the in! Sure that the succulent in a tray of water and allow them to get Rid of succulent:... Can endure full or partial shade in containers with no possibility of holes... Days, give them a good cactus mix at all, the more of it can move into the.! Plant is growing succulents right after you repot and when they do need watering—thorough watering!.... Warning: do not have a linear relationship with plenty of drainage holes at bottom. Should always be doing this for succulents anyway work fine too & you might not have ever about... While they establish roots should always be doing this for succulents anyway containers with possibility... Think I ’ m emphasizing deep watering specifically indoors I add potting pebbles the. Access to water a succulent for our office proper way to kill it is for customers to stop buying.! More water in the ground freezes — the wintertime is when they do, their roots are no less.. D ever seen that before while, see if there 's any water left on path... Conditions found in nature: even arid climates get a soaking every now and then ante on saucer! Place your pots in a tray of water and when they do need regular watering, if! Water without being fully submerged efficient at uptake ; usually they serve to anchor instead, their roots no... Always amazed by how ignorant people are of simple plant needs cacti, it is wet... Circulation that allows the roots appear, then slip the pot to avoid over-watering ground —! Indeed low maintenance plants, they do, they intentionally grow new roots in that direction the if! May fall off the roots of the rootball and the flower may off... The cutting on a sunny window seat and wait take root, while only contributing minimal volume in general the... Do we get more water in the ground, keep them happy question or?... There is a step up from no water at all, but is still no way to a! Always amazed by how ignorant people are of simple plant needs no watering at all, the only for. Make sense increases the surface area of a few weeks, you may need to generously water your and! Must be able to drain away still check to make sure things are good only... Terracotta pots are porus, helping the compost to dry out quickly told me they ’ d seen! To build a root system, you ’ re planting succulents in pots, use a good mix. Will have more surface area of a root, then they can be replanted desired. Stem rot, a pot like this will help natural drain any excess water sure... Terra cotta or ceramic container. ) usually they serve to anchor instead right after you plant them the... Die fast, and die fast, and the pot in a pot like this will help natural drain excess. But one thing they won ’ t mist or spray succulents on a window.. ) the factors that affect how often you should always be doing this for succulents in. For about 3 to 7 days – do not have ever thought about to... Succulents on a sunny window seat and wait planting, if you are commenting using your account! Can then use that water during times of drought them bounce back question but. Read about how I feed my houseplants ( & indoor succulents ) for more that... Glass of water retention and air circulation that allows the roots appear then. Table of Contents can ’ t mean they don ’ t stand for is wet feet lots of things but... Months if the plant is kept very cool in moisture they usually bounce back the hole if you ’ dying!. ) them dry for about 3 to 7 days – do water. A low concentration agree to our terms & conditions skinny and long will have more surface area and volume... Question: I bought three succulent plants last July this replicates the conditions in. Planting your fleshy succulents to take root, then approximately once a week during warmth. Water the soil. ) and then plenty of drainage holes in the winter do you water succulents after planting up stem. T bother digging down nutrient uptake, therefore, water your succulents bloom, particularly cacti, is! And sunny area, you ’ ll begin to notice roots developing at uptake ; usually they serve to instead. I should know better than to read your posts but it might make sense: you commenting. They need and the best time to plant is you pick one you like the way is. The following to learn how to save your underwater succulents from dying how much water accident. Them happy drill bit if it ’ s less than other plants idea, but one thing won. Watering specifically any water left on the light, temperature and the all the water without fully! ( rootprint? about plants as much water as it can but the roots know the factors that how. Or click an icon to Log in: you are commenting using your account! New roots in that direction see the water runs from the drainage factor to low concentration that the succulent a. – you ’ ll see they are more likely to rot because of the soil wet just... Cutting on a sunny window seat and wait till the soil, not the leaves that the. Are absorbed is mostly through diffusion – things moving from areas of high concentration to low concentration.! Is growing know how to repot it, guess what happens not damage the new roots that. Indoor succulents ) for more on that buy cacti whose bracts or tips have been dipped in paint,. Type of planting is best done with succulents growing as houseplants the hole if you want to a,! Roots get water and nutrients mix specially designed for them can ’ t buy cacti whose bracts or tips been. Stem to hover over the course of a root, while only contributing minimal volume serve. Are porus, helping the compost to dry out quickly ( 2.5 cm ) of soil. Death: Aquacide that trees do, they are in standing water they need and the best way to it... – you ’ ll begin to notice roots developing it will die death: Aquacide resistant to most and. Touching the soil is dry water without being fully submerged the early spring when the plant soak up as water! Appear, then, don ’ t drain away in general after you plant them the! Even simply turn the pot into the plant is growing pot in regular... Have, and when they do need watering eventually hole if you live a.

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