This is the truth that the "pacifist" Nehru refused to face and destroyed in 1961. Portuguese is still spoken by a number of Goans, though it is mainly restricted to upper class Christian families and the older generation. Portuguese is the mother tongue of about 170 million people, mainly in Portugal and the Portuguese islands in the Atlantic (approximately 11 million speakers); in Brazil (about 154 million speakers); and in Portugal's former abroad provinces in Africa and Asia (approximately 5 million speakers). Goans use Devanagari (official) and Latin script (liturgical and historical) for education as well as communication (personal, formal and religious). Cloister of the Franciscan Igreja de Santo António. Goa is a beautiful state situated in India and it is bordered by Karnataka as well as Maharashtra.It is the smallest state as per area and the fourth smallest as per population. Sizable numbers of Goan Hindus in 17th-18th centuries fled to Mangalore and Canara, inorder to flee from the conversion efforts. You should make your question more clear, like “Do people born in Goa have Portuguese Citizenship?” or “Are people born in Goa, Portuguese Citizens?” Let’s assume that’s what you are asking. Goa's Decline Several factors contributed to Goa's decline as a Portuguese territory throughout the 17th Century. There are distinct Bamonn, Chardó, Gauddo and Sudir communities in Goa that is mainly endogamous. Although Goa is prevailing as a legacy of the Portuguese colonial era, in fact, its history dates back to as early as in the antiquity during which facts were mingled with mythology. It then broke off into Galician and Portuguese after the incorporation of Galicia into Spain and the independent development of Portugal. Few remnants, if any, of the pre-Portuguese period remain at Old Goa. D. R. SarDesai It became the largest city in the East, boasting of no less than 300 churches within town, and having a population of over 40,000 people. Since the Second Phase of migrations, the Goans have had a variety of professions. Available statistics show that in 1950 Christians were 51.70 % of the population; in 1960 when the last Portuguese census took place, they were 53.60 % of the population. A permanent settlement was established by the Portuguese in 1510 in Velha Goa (Old Goa), when the Portuguese admiral Afonso de Albuquerque defeated the ruling Bijapur king Yusuf Adil Shah. At the time of the Portuguese arrival in the Asian seas, Malacca thanks to its strategic position on the strait bearing the same name, was a remarkable trading center for the trade and shunting of spices. Rajesh Ghadge (2015), The story of Goan Migration. The other two Provinces were Damão and Diu. [13], Until the early 1970s there were substantial populations of Goans in the Middle East, Africa and Europe. One of the those communities is the Luso-Goans whose story is connected with the arrival and conquering of Goa by the Portuguese explorers and Iberian sailors. The first recorded instances of significant emigrations of Goans could be traced back to the arrival of the Portuguese in Goa. [23] Many have also been working on Oil Rigs. Potentially, over a million Indians from Goa, Daman and Diu could come to Britain, since around half of the territories’ two million population can claim Portuguese ancestry. There have also, historically, been Goans in former British colonies of Kenya, Uganda, and Tanzania, and Portuguese colonies of Mozambique and Angola. It is interesting to know that while the Portuguese ruled Goa, their country itself was ruled by Spain from the late 16th century for a period of 60 years. 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