[7] Ladakh borders Tibet in the east, the Lahaul and Spiti in south, Jammu & Kashmir in the west, and the trans–Kunlun territory of Xinjiang in the far north. It is one of the largest population counting exercises in the world. Ladakh's Muslim population stems from the conversion of the Kings of Skardu (in today's PoK) to Shia Islam by Shamsuddin Iraqi in the 1500s, who converted them. However, in terms of total population, Islam clearly dominates the Kashmir valley. In 2006, 8 new districts were created, taking the total number of districts to 22. Islam In addition to that Hinduism and Buddhism also constitute a part of the religions in Kashmir. Three major faiths are each clearly dominant in different parts of the erstwhile princely state of Jammu and Kashmir. THE HISTORY OF MUSLIMS IN CENTRAL LADAKH 39 statues, and sent considerable donations to religious foundations in Tibet, which ended in causing the ruin of the kingdom. Among the Buddhists, there is a tradition of constructing religious structure called Chu-ster which is believed to protect them from natural disasters especially from floods. The followers of Buddhism inhabit the Ladakh area of state. Contrary to perception, Islam is the single largest religion in Ladakh. Before partition, Baltistan was a part of Ladakh which is now under Pakistani control. Ladakh's Muslim population grew by 17% while the Buddhist population shrank by 2%. Islam is virtually the sole religion throughout the Northern Areas and Azad Kashmir on the Pakistani side of the 1972 Line of Control, accounting for more than 99.5% of the population in every single district of those two areas. Muslims constitute more than 90% of the total population of Jammu and Kashmir. Religion plays a very important role in the life of the people in Ladakh. In it Islam is most dominant in different parts of state. -The Ladakh Division has a total population of 2,74,289 with Muslims comprising 46.41%, Buddhists 39.65% and Hindus 12.11%. An inefficient sovereign Given these figures, it is reasonable to expect a further shrinkage of the Indic population in Ladakh. Out of the 22 Districts in the state only 5 are non-Muslim majority i.e. The history of Ladakh "written" by bSod-nams Tshe-brtan Yo-seb dGe-rgan and "edited" by his son bSod-nams sKyabs-ldan dGe-rgan has two title pages, one in English and one in Tibetan. In 2006, eight new districts were created, taking the total number of districts in the erstwhile state to 22. 2020 India Population: By Religion, State Wise, Density, City Wise, and More details given here. Even in Jammu, Kargil and some other districts, Islam forms a substantial part of the population. Religion also plays a major role in dealing with natural disaster like in Buddhism. Ten of these districts were Muslim-majority — 6 in Kashmir, 3 in Jammu and 1 in Ladakh. the two districts in the Ladakh region (Leh and Kargil) in the state of The present research paper is the outcome of the data collected by Jammu and Kashmir, India which forms a part of the trans-Himalayas. The notable exception in the dynasty was King Tshe-dbang rnam-rgyal, who ruled Ladakh at the end of the 18th century. Islam The predominant religion of Kashmir valley is Islam. The followers of Buddhism inhabit the Ladakh area of Jammu and Kashmir State. Jammu and Kashmir originally had 14 districts — 6 each in the Kashmir and Jammu divisions, and 2 in Ladakh. In Leh, their number has declined from 90.6 to 88.6 thousand; in Kargil, they have grown from about 17.9 to 20.1 thousand. The remaining three districts in Jammu had a Hindu majority, and the remaining district in Ladakh was Buddhist majority. 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