Manuel established the Casa da Índia, a royal institution that managed Portugal's monopolies and its imperial expansion, and he financed numerous famed Portuguese navigators, including Pedro Álvares Cabral (who discovered Brazil), Afonso de Albuquerque (who established Portuguese hegemony in the Indian Ocean), and João Vaz Corte-Real (who discovered Newfoundland in Canada), among numerous others. Works . A member of the House of Aviz, Manuel was Duke of Beja and Viseu prior to succeeding his cousin, John II of Portugal, as monarch.Manuel ruled over a period of intensive expansion of the Portuguese Empire owing to the … Manuel I of Portugal - Biography. Manuel would prove a worthy successor to his cousin King John II, supporting the Portuguese exploration of the Atlantic Ocean and the development of Portuguese commerce. The crusading aspect of the expansion reached its apogee with Albuquerque, who nourished grandiose schemes for blockading the Red Sea and capturing Mecca. Manuel defended the entry of Portugal into the First World War and its active participation. Commercial treaties and diplomatic alliances were forged with Ming dynasty of China and the Persian Safavid dynasty. [1] As a result of this stroke of luck, Manuel was nicknamed the Fortunate, and succeeded on John's death in 1495. Under Manuel the public administration was increasingly centralized. John Manuel had always been sickly, surviving four brothers who died before him. Ring in the new year with a Britannica Membership. On January 2, when Joan was pregnant with her first child, John Manuel died, of consumption or diabetes. John II had cowed the ambitious nobles. A member of the House of Aviz, Manuel was Duke of Beja and Viseu prior to succeeding his cousin, John II of Portugal, as monarch. Although half his ships were lost, the venture was profitable. When those who chose expulsion arrived at the port in Lisbon, they were met by clerics and soldiers who tried to use coercion and promises in order to baptize them and prevent them from leaving the country. Datasets available include LCSH, BIBFRAME, LC Name Authorities, LC Classification, MARC codes, PREMIS vocabularies, ISO language codes, and more. Most of the heroes of the day had made their mark under John II. They are considered the most important person in history born with the … Manuel next married Maria of Aragon on 30 Oct 1500. Manuel's next wife, Maria of Aragon, was his first wife's younger sister. On their assembly in Lisbon, every attempt was made to force their conversion. He was provisionally buried at Restelo Church, while the royal pantheon of the House of Aviz was funished inside Jerónimos Monastery. In December 1521, while Lisbon was dealing with an outbreak of the Black Plague, Manuel and his court were quarantined inside Ribeira Palace. As king (from 1495), Manuel at once pardoned the banished Braganças and restored their confiscated estates. Coat of Arms of Manuel I and John III of Portugal (Order of the Golden Fleece).svg 1,040 × 1,279; 769 KB ConventoSBentoVitoria.jpg 2,448 × 3,264; 3.95 MB Coroa de D. Manuel I - Palácio das Necessidades.png 950 × 500; 815 KB His remains were transferred to Jerónimos Monastery only in 1551, along with his second wife Maria of Aragon. Manõel II reigned as the last king of Portugal, following the assasinations of his father, king Carlos I and his elder brother, Crownprince Luìs Filipe. Manuel I of Portugalwas born on month day1469, at birth place, to Fernando de Portugal y Torresand Beatriz de Aviz (born de Portugal). Charles I of Spain 4. He was aware of many people being killed and exiled. He died at Lisbon in 1521 and was buried in the Jerónimos monastery. The Indian traffic added enormously to the size and splendour of Manuel’s court. Manuel grew up amidst conspiracies of the Portuguese upper nobility against King John II. All these events made Portugal wealthy from foreign trade as it formally established a vast overseas empire. Biography. The Linked Data Service provides access to commonly found standards and vocabularies promulgated by the Library of Congress. Manuel I, the Fortunate, 14th king of Portugal and the Algarves (Alcochete, May 31, 1469 - December 13, 1521 in Lisbon) was the son of Infante Ferdinand, Duke of Viseu, (1433 - 1470), by his wife, Infanta Beatrice of Portugal. The feast day … A committee of royal officials revised town charters granted by previous rulers, standardized local privileges, and rationalized taxes. The arrival of an Abyssinian envoy at Manuel’s court in 1514 suggested an alliance with the Christian negus (king) of that country, and Manuel appointed Galvão ambassador to Abyssinia. Manuel I Capet-Aviz of Portugal, King of Portugal, King of the Algarves, was born 31 May 1469 to Fernando, Duke of Viseu (1433-1470) and Beatriz of Portugal (1430-1506) and died 13 December 1521 of unspecified causes. Manuel’s claims to these newly discovered lands were confirmed by the papacy and recognized by the Spanish, with whom Manuel maintained close relations. Although he later contemplated legitimizing his remaining son, Jorge, he finally left the crown to Manuel. In 1502 da Gama took 20 ships and brought back gold as tribute from East Africa. Manuelhad 11 siblings: Alfonso de Portugal y Luján, John of Viseuand 9 other siblings. The day after his death, on 14 December, his body transported to the Belém district of Lisbon, in a black velvet-draped coffin, followed by masses of mourners. Manuel ruled over a period of intensive expansion of the Portuguese Empire owing to the numerous Portuguese discoveries made during his reign. 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