[231], Iceland is liberal with regard to LGBT rights issues. It was not a member of the EU, but in July 2009 the Icelandic parliament, the Althing, voted in favour of application for EU membership[115] and officially applied on 17 July 2009. Selfoss is the biggest town along the South Coast and has many great restaurants and a fantastic swimming pool. One such genetic study indicated that the majority of the male settlers were of Nordic origin while the majority of the women were of Gaelic origin, meaning many settlers of Iceland were Norsemen who brought Gaelic slaves with them.[195]. ", "The ultimate guide to Icelandic delicacies, part one", "Coffee: Who grows, drinks and pays the most? As of 2012[update], the government of Iceland was in talks with the government of the United Kingdom about the possibility of constructing Icelink, a high-voltage direct-current connector for transmission of electricity between the two countries. According to a study published in 2001, 23% of the inhabitants were either atheist or agnostic. Some Icelandic place names can even leave the most experienced native speakers stuttering. [103], In 2016, Iceland was ranked second in the strength of its democratic institutions[104] and 13th in government transparency. FACTBOX-What is the Icesave dispute all about? Learn about the 5 best glaciers in Iceland to start planning your ultimate ice cap adventure. Education is mandatory by law for children aged from 6 to 16 years. Ice incursions are rare, the last having occurred on the north coast in 1969.[85]. Iceland has no standing army, but has the Icelandic Coast Guard which also maintains the Iceland Air Defence System, and an Iceland Crisis Response Unit to support peacekeeping missions and perform paramilitary functions. Coca-Cola is also widely consumed, to the extent that the country is said to have one of the highest per capita consumption rates in the world.[262]. Their annual festival is the Kótilettan which is a BBQ festival hosted in mid-June. Granted, that’s only around 123,000 people, but what it lacks in terms of the populace, it makes up for in culture and excitement. Around the middle of the 16th century, as part of the Protestant Reformation, King Christian III of Denmark began to impose Lutheranism on all his subjects. is the first town we mention which is located far away from the Reykjavík but it is often named the capital of the North, stating its significance and size compared to the other settlements in the North. The country's cultural heritage includes traditional Icelandic cuisine, Icelandic literature, and medieval sagas. Its latitude is 64°08' N, making it the world's northernmost capital of a sovereign state. Throughout the 19th century, the country's climate continued to grow colder, resulting in mass emigration to the New World, particularly to the region of Gimli, Manitoba in Canada, which was sometimes referred to as New Iceland. Nursery school, or leikskóli, is non-compulsory education for children younger than six years, and is the first step in the education system. [107] Nevertheless, Iceland's education system is considered excellent: the Programme for International Student Assessment ranks it as the 16th best performing, above the OECD average. Nevertheless, according to the Economist Intelligence Index of 2011, Iceland has the second-highest quality of life in the world. During that time, cold winters, ash fall from volcanic eruptions, and bubonic plagues adversely affected the population several times. Heiðarsson, Jakob Oskar (2015) 'Iceland – My Small Island'. Iceland is ranked 27th in the 2012 Index of Economic Freedom, lower than in prior years but still among the freest in the world. [149] Iceland's public debt has decreased since the economic crisis, and as of 2015[update] is the 31st-highest in the world by proportion of national GDP.[150]. [214] Overall, the country's health care system is one of the best performing in the world, ranked 15th by the World Health Organization. Upper secondary education, or framhaldsskóli, follows lower secondary education. Basically, anything you might need and locals are known to leave the town as little as possible. Iceland hosted a summit in Reykjavík in 1986 between United States President Ronald Reagan and Soviet Premier Mikhail Gorbachev, during which they took significant steps toward nuclear disarmament. Icelandic music was modernised in the 19th century, when Magnús Stephensen brought pipe organs, which were followed by harmoniums. [89] The tallest tree in Iceland is a sitka spruce planted in 1949 in Kirkjubæjarklaustur; it was measured at 25.2 m (83 ft) in 2013. Description: This map shows cities, towns, villages, main roads, secondary roads, tracks and ferries in Iceland. It serves several international and domestic airline companies. Property rights are strong and Iceland is one of the few countries where they are applied to fishery management. [145] Like other welfare states, taxpayers pay various subsidies to each other, but with spending being less than in most European countries. Economic response packages, COVID-19 containment measures and news releases. Christopher Nolan's 2014 film Interstellar was also filmed in Iceland for some of its scenes, as was Ridley Scott's Prometheus. Many of the Icelandic names have letters that only exist in the Icelandic alphabet. Iceland Country: Iceland Continent: Europe Category: countries Cities in Iceland. Natural disasters, including volcanic eruption and disease, contributed to a decreasing population. Kari. [78], With the widespread availability of geothermal power, and the harnessing of many rivers and waterfalls for hydroelectricity, most residents have access to inexpensive hot water, heating, and electricity. Located along the south western shores of the country, in the Faxa Bay area is, Reykjavik – the capital and the largest city of Iceland. The majority of the functions that are carried out by local governments actually happen at the municipal level. Strong economic growth had led Iceland to be ranked first in the United Nations' Human Development Index report for 2007/2008,[129] although in 2011 its HDI rating had fallen to 14th place as a result of the economic crisis. Hit hard by the worldwide financial crisis, the nation's entire banking system systemically failed in October 2008, leading to an economic crisis[19] and the collapse of the country's three largest banks. On 20 November 2008, the Nordic countries agreed to lend Iceland $2.5 billion. Akranes is a little off the Ring Road if you make a turn at … [265] Following up on this, Iceland made its debut at the 2018 FIFA World Cup. [135] The national currency of Iceland is the Icelandic króna (ISK). Isometric iceland map with city names and administrative divisions. The law took effect on 27 June 2010. Icelandic Statistics. In education, its use for Iceland's deaf community is regulated by the National Curriculum Guide. [24][25], Icelandic culture is founded upon the nation's Scandinavian heritage. [17] Iceland ranks high in economic, democratic, and social stability, as well as equality, ranking third in the world by median wealth per adult. [145] There is also a value added tax, whereas a net wealth tax was eliminated in 2006. If you are looking for a cheaper accommodation Kópavogur is a good option as the ride to Reykjavík is only about 15 minutes, you can easily catch the bus (in Icelandic Strætó) or drive your rental. Some of the most interesting places to visit in Kópavogur are the swimming pools, Kópavogslaug and Salalaug, the mall Smáralind and Gerðarsafn – Kópavogur Art Museum. Iceland prospered during the Second World War. It is a colorful city with an interesting history and quirky side streets. Free Next Day Delivery on orders over £35 Polar bears occasionally come over from Greenland, but they are just visitors, and no Icelandic populations exist. Náttfari settled in what is now known as Náttfaravík and he and his slaves became the first permanent residents of Iceland. [110] The president of Iceland is a largely ceremonial head of state and serves as a diplomat, but may veto laws voted by the parliament and put them to a national referendum. The most widely recognized landmark is the famous. The city name generator uses real world names rather than an algorithm to assemble unusual names. Steinn Steinarr was an influential modernist poet during the early 20th century who remains popular. Whilst many people base themselves in Reykjavik, the city is often overlooked as folks rush out to immerse themselves in Iceland’s natural beauty. Akranes is also famous for its lighthouse the, Akranesviti lighthouse, but its lighthouse keeper is known for being exceptionally sweet and informative! Name Population Latitude/Longitude; 1: Reykjavik , Capital Region: 118,918: 64.135 / -21.895: 2: Kopavogur , Capital Region: 31,719 [209] Consequently, Icelanders refer to one another by their given name, and the Icelandic telephone directory is listed alphabetically by first name rather than by surname. Over 7000 thousand people live in Fjarðarbyggð which is known as the only place in Iceland where wild reindeers roam. The major towns are the capital city of Reykjavík, along with its outlying towns of Kópavogur, Hafnarfjörður, and Garðabær, nearby Reykjanesbær where the international airport is located, and the town of Akureyri in northern Iceland. This is low compared with other countries (over one million species have been described worldwide). [125] Use of abundant hydroelectric and geothermal power has made Iceland the world's largest electricity producer per capita. You might recognize it as the Selfoss municipality, but Icelanders call it Árborg. The sagas say that the rather despondent Flóki climbed a mountain and saw a fjord (Arnarfjörður) full of icebergs, which led him to give the island its new and present name. Low-lying inland areas in the north are the most arid. Statue of Thorfinn Karlsefni by Icelandic sculptor Einar Jónsson in Philadelphia, The writer Halldór Laxness by Einar Hákonarson, 1984, Traditional Icelandic turf houses. [202] The total population reached a high point of perhaps 5,000, and developed independent institutions before disappearing by 1500. Reykjavik is the smallest amazing green city on our list, with only about 115,000 people living in the city and roughly 300,000 people in the entire country of Iceland. ", "CONSTITUTION OF THE REPUBLIC OF ICELAND", "Iceland passes gay marriage law in unanimous vote", "Icelandic parliament votes for EU membership", "Icelanders to get a referendum on joining the EU", "Iceland has a new government, and it could result in the country joining the EU", "2011 Global Peace Index – Methodology, Ethodology, Results & Findings", "Guinness Records Book website (requires log in)", "World's largest Electricity Producer per Capita", "Trade and Economy, Embassy of Iceland, Undated. For other uses, see, Island country in the North Atlantic Ocean, 1918–1944: Independence and the Kingdom of Iceland. [45] In the years following the eruption, known as the Mist Hardships (Icelandic: Móðuharðindin), over half of all livestock in the country died. The street art is also a distinctive factor in the overall look of Reykjavík and some artists have been paid a great deal to decorate the city center. If you are looking for a random city or town name to spark a location for a book, game, or a script, millions of possibilities are at your finger tips. Test your knowledge on this geography quiz and compare your score to others. Iceland was founded more than 1,000 years ago during the Viking age of exploration and settled by a mixed Norse and Celtic population. [190] Students must adhere closely to the government mandated curriculum, and the parent teaching must acquire a government approved teaching certificate. [citation needed], According to the 2011 Global Peace Index, Iceland is the most peaceful country in the world, due to its lack of armed forces, low crime rate and high level of socio-political stability. Iceland's signature alcoholic beverage is brennivín (literally "burnt [i.e., distilled] wine"), which is similar in flavouring to the akvavit variant of Scandinavian brännvin. It is now one of the most developed countries in the world. From our time spent in Iceland and feedback gathered from our travel network here is our Top 10 of the best and most beautiful places to visit in Iceland… Gullfoss Waterfall – one of the most famously stunning places to visit in Iceland. Although the Danish kingdom introduced Lutheranism forcefully in 1550, Iceland remained a distant semi-colonial territory in which Danish institutions and infrastructures were conspicuous by their absence. km, Iceland is the 18 th largest island in the world and the 2 nd largest island in Europe. These three parties form the ruling coalition in the cabinet led by leftist Katrín Jakobsdóttir. Iceland has also produced many chess masters and hosted the historic World Chess Championship 1972 in Reykjavík during the height of the Cold War. Also, the name should contain letters that occur in the Icelandic alphabet. Reykjavik is Iceland’s capital and houses over two-thirds of the population. This paved road is 1,332 km (828 mi)[163] long with one lane in each direction, except near larger towns and cities and in the Hvalfjörður Tunnel where it has more lanes. As in other Nordic countries, equality between the sexes is very high; Iceland is consistently ranked among the top three countries in the world for women to live in. Please use this list to view all country names starting with letter I. The artist run gallery space Kling og Bang, members of which later ran the studio complex and exhibition venue Klink og Bank, has been a significant part of the trend of self-organised spaces, exhibitions and projects. How to prepare for hiking and trekking in Iceland. These follow the person's given name, e.g. After the German occupation of Denmark on 9 April 1940, the Althing replaced the King with a regent and declared that the Icelandic government would take control of its own defence and foreign affairs. World Airport Codes offers several ways of navigating to the airport page of your interest. Iceland: Major Localities with population statistics, maps, charts, weather and web information. According to the ancient manuscript Landnámabók, the settlement of Iceland began in 874 AD when the Norwegian chieftain Ingólfr Arnarson became the first permanent settler on the island. Due to the island's climate, fruits and vegetables are not generally a component of traditional dishes, although the use of greenhouses has made them more common in contemporary food. The Registers Iceland keeps account of the religious affiliation of every Icelandic citizen. Until the 20th century, the vast majority of Icelanders lived in rural areas, The old building (Gamli Skóli) of the Menntaskóli, i.e. In 2016, Prime Minister Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson resigned after being implicated in the Panama Papers scandal. [216] Almost all women choose to terminate pregnancies of children with Down syndrome in Iceland. Also, health care and education spending have relatively poor returns by OECD measures, though improvements have been made in both areas. [252] According to a 2011 report by Freedom House, Iceland is one of the highest ranked countries in press freedom. If you can't find it please check your spam folder. [207] Polish is mostly spoken by the local Polish community (the largest minority of Iceland), and Danish is mostly spoken in a way largely comprehensible to Swedes and Norwegians—it is often referred to as skandinavíska (i. e. Scandinavian) in Iceland.[208]. In 2009, Iceland became the first country with an openly gay head of government when Jóhanna Sigurðardóttir became prime minister.[113]. Garðar departed the following summer but one of his men, Náttfari, decided to stay behind with two slaves. The IDF was downsized after the end of the Cold War and the U.S. Air Force maintained four to six interceptor aircraft at the Naval Air Station Keflavik, until they were withdrawn on 30 September 2006. Visit Iceland, iceland tours, travels, holidays, what to do, travel, trips, travel, guide, attractions, vacation, sightseeing, activities, destination They did it in both 2015 and 2017. The road speed limits are 30 km/h (19 mph) and 50 km/h (31 mph) in towns, 80 km/h (50 mph) on gravel country roads and 90 km/h (56 mph) on hard-surfaced roads.[162]. [82] The resultant cloud of volcanic ash brought major disruption to air travel across Europe. The forests were heavily exploited over the centuries for firewood and timber. Mosfellsbær is home to the Álafoss factory the oldest and most prestigious wool factory in Iceland and where you can go to buy Icelandic wool sweaters (Lopapeysa), wool blankets or beautiful multicolored sheepskins. Icelandic names are names used by people from Iceland.Icelandic surnames are different from most other naming systems in the modern Western world by being patronymic or occasionally matronymic: they indicate the father (or mother) of the child and not the historic family lineage.Iceland shares a common cultural heritage … Its latitude is 64°08' N, making it the world's northernmost capital of a sovereign state. See more about the climate and seasons in Iceland. [256] In February 2013 the country (ministry of the interior) was researching possible methods to protect children in regards to Internet pornography, claiming that pornography online is a threat to children as it supports child slavery and abuse. Centuries of isolation have helped to insulate the country's Nordic culture from external influence; a prominent example is the preservation of the Icelandic language, which remains the closest to Old Norse of all modern Nordic languages. Sandvik (Iceland) Sandtoft (Lincs) Sanvic (Seine-Mar.) The eight regions are primarily used for statistical purposes. Jóhannesson. … To this day, it remains a significant pastime.[274]. Answer 1 of 3: Is there any site that would give the Icelandic pronunciation of place names? On rare occasions, bats have been carried to the island with the winds, but they are not able to breed there. Covid-19 information. [e][13] The capital and largest city is Reykjavík. Iceland's stock market, the Iceland Stock Exchange (ISE), was established in 1985.[141]. Lessons take place five days a week. Smaller stations exist, many of them local. Destination Iceland, an island nation in the North Atlantic Ocean, between Europe and North America. Iceland, however, has a variety of volcanic types (composite and fissure), many producing more evolved lavas such as rhyolite and andesite. Iceland is also a world-class destination for alpine ski touring and Telemark skiing, with the Troll Peninsula in Northern Iceland being the main centre of activity. Popular sports include football, track and field, handball and basketball. In the late 12th century, Ari the Wise described it in the Íslendingabók as "forested from mountain to sea shore". Rather than using family names, as is the usual custom in most Western nations, Icelanders carry patronymic or matronymic surnames, patronyms being far more commonly practiced. There is an extraordinary simplicity to the living in Iceland but yet every community seems to have its own identity and own way of living. [107] This high level of social cohesion is attributed to the small size and homogeneity of the population, as well as to a long history of harsh survival in an isolated environment, which reinforced the importance of unity and cooperation.

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